woolrich giubbotto donna Aromuni e neolatini balcanici Blog Archive Opinione francese

giacche peuterey outlet Aromuni e neolatini balcanici Blog Archive Opinione francese

Aggrego un’opinione dell Universita’ Laval francese sugli Aromuni in Grecia ( e sugli interrventi dell’Unione Europea a tutela del popolo Aromanno):

La quasi extinction de l’aroumain

L’omniprésence du grec (la hellénisation) dans la culture aroumaine a certainement été un facteur important dans l’affaiblissement de cette langue et l’urbanisation a accéléré le processus. L’aroumain, comme le mégléno roumain, avait survécu jusqu’à récemment dans beaucoup de villages de Grèce, d’Albanie, de Serbie ou de Macédoine restés linguistiquement homogènes et où la plupart des gens utilisaient régulièrement leur langue maternelle. Ceux qui ont d se déplacer vers les centres urbains ont bientt abandonné l’emploi de l’aroumain parce qu’il était peru comme un signe de retard social, alors que les enfants n’avaient plus aucun moyen d’apprendre leur langue ancestrale: l’aroumain n’était plus enseigné dans les écoles et était de moins en moins parlé à la maison.

Depuis les années cinquante, toute politique linguistique relative en faveur de l’aroumain (ou au valaque) a cessé. Elle a plutt cédé la place à une autre qui consistait à en décourager l’emploi par tous les moyens: punitions et humiliations dans les écoles et dans l’armée. La langue a ainsi perdu tout statut juridique dans les écoles, l’administration publique et les médias. Au début du XXe siècle, on dénombrait 500 000 Aroumains, mais ils ne seraient plus qu’environ 250 000 aujourd’hui. La plupart des locuteurs aroumains parlent le grec et la langue officielle du pays, soit l’albanais en Albanie, le serbe en Serbie ou le macédonien en Macédoine (ou le bulgare en Bulgarie). La plupart des Aroumains qui ont conservé leur identité ethnique sont bilingues, sinon polyglottes, et participent à leur faon à plusieurs cultures

Les experts sont convaincus que la langue aroumaine est menacée d’extinction. C’est pourquoi, le 24 juin 1997, l’Assemblée parlementaire du Conseil de l’Europe a adopté la recommandation 1333.

Emperor [[Nero]] around 61 AD sent a small group of [[Praetorian Guardpraetorian guards]] to explore the sources of the Nile river in [[Africa]]. 181 187)

The Roman legionaries navigating the Nile from southern Egypt initially reached the city of [[Meroe]] and later moved to the [[Sudd]], where they found huge difficulties to go further. Desert legionaries in Africa]}}

The small group of praetorian guards related when back to Nero that ‘We personally saw two rocks from which an immense quantity of water issued.’, according to [[Seneca the youngerSeneca]]. It is noteworthy to pinpoint that some historians like Giovanni Vannini argue that this place is the [[Murchison Falls]] in northern [[Uganda]], meaning that the Romans reached [[equatorial Africa]]. The Nero expedition from [[Roman Egypt]] reached the area of [[Jinja, UgandaJinja in Uganda]], according to Vannini: he believes that the legionaries were able to reach [[lake Victoria]], based on the description of their discovery of huge water falls. Vannini noted that in the Seneca interview to the legionaries, they described a Nile falls that is very similar to the Murchison Falls.

Seneca wrote a book, ”De Nubibus” in “Naturales Quaestiones”, that gave details about a Nero expedition to the caput mundi investigandum (to explore the top of the world) in 61/62 AD. In this book he explained to have reported what two legionaries told him about their discovery of the caput Nili (the origin of the Nile river): Ibi Vidimus duas Petras, ex quibus ingens vis fluminis excidebatex magno terrarum lacu ascendere (We saw two huge rocks, from which the power of the (Nile) river went out in a powerful way.(The Nile river) comes from a very huge lake of the (african) lands).

Furthermore Seneca wrote that the legionaries told him that the water of the Nile river, that jumped through two huge rocks, was coming from a very big lake inside the African lands. This lake according to Vannini and others could only be the Victoria lake, the biggest African lake. And the only river that goes out from this huge lake is the [[White Nile]] (named “Victoria Nile” when exits the lake), that in Jinja (Uganda) goes north toward the “Murchison Falls”.

Indeed “Murchison Falls” is a waterfall on the Nile, that breaks the Victoria Nile, which flows across northern Uganda from Lake Victoria to Lake Kyoga and then to the north end of Lake Albert in the western branch of the East African Rift. At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a gap in the rocks, only 7 metres (23 ft) wide, and tumbles 43 metres (141 ft), then flows westward into Lake Albert.

The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic meters per second (11,000 ft/s) of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than ten metres (30 ft) wide: these falls are similar in shape to the ones described by the legionaries.

Vantini wrote in the magazine Nigrizia in 1996 that the legionaries did an explorative travel of more than 5,000 km from Meroe to Uganda: a remarkable achievement done using small boats in order to bypass the Sudd, a huge swamp full of dangerous Nile crocodiles.

However the death of Nero prevented further explorations of the Nile as well as a possible Roman conquest south of their [[Roman Egypt]]. Buckley Dinter: A Companion to the Neronian Age].
woolrich giubbotto donna Aromuni e neolatini balcanici Blog Archive Opinione francese